Clinical EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques) is an evidence-based method that combines acupressure with elements drawn from cognitive and exposure therapies. The approach has been validated in more than 100 clinical trials. Its efficacy for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been investigated in a variety of demographic groups including war veterans, victims of sexual violence, the spouses of PTSD sufferers, motor accident survivors, prisoners, hospital patients, adolescents, and survivors of natural and human-caused disasters. Meta-analyses of EFT for anxiety, depression, and PTSD indicate treatment effects that exceed those of both psychopharmacology and conventional psychotherapy. Studies of EFT in the treatment of PTSD show that (a) time frames for successful treatment generally range from four to 10 sessions; (b) group therapy sessions are effective; (c) comorbid conditions such as anxiety and depression improve simultaneously; (d) the risk of adverse events is low; (e) treatment produces physiological as well as psychological improvements; (f) patient gains persist over time; (g) the approach is cost-effective; (h) biomarkers such as stress hormones and genes are regulated; and (i) the method can be adapted to online and telemedicine applications. This paper recommends guidelines for the use of EFT in treating PTSD derived from the literature and a detailed practitioner survey. It has been reviewed by the major institutions providing training or supporting research in the method. The guidelines recommend a stepped-care model, with five treatment sessions for subclinical PTSD, 10 sessions for PTSD, and escalation to intensive psychotherapy or psychopharmacology or both for nonresponsive patients and those with developmental trauma. Group therapy, social support, apps, and online and telemedicine methods also contribute to a successful treatment plan. Full article
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Well, the mandate stuck because the Supreme Court ruled the government isn’t forcing people to buy health insurance, just that they are levying a tax (the “penalty”…) if they don’t buy it and the government has the right to pass new taxes. So the mandate stuck…because it is a tax, not a penalty, and therefore the government isn’t “forcing” you to buy something. And here we are now with that tax being repealed as part of the Republican tax reform.
The Affordable Care Act’s annual open enrollment period for 2019 coverage is about to end in most states. (Open enrollment for ACA-compliant 2019 coverage will end this Saturday, December 15, 2018 in all states that use HealthCare.gov, and in five of the states that run their own exchanges. This enrollment schedule applies both on and off-exchange.)